segunda-feira, 20 de julho de 2009

Glossário jurídico com as 262 palavras mais usadas na área jurídica

Reproduzo notícia do sítio Consultor Jurídico sobre glossário jurídico:

Tradução dos termos

Site do CNJ disponibiliza Glossário Jurídico

O site do Conselho Nacional de Justiça resolveu disponibilizar um Glossário Jurídico com as 262 palavras mais usadas no vocabulário jurídico. Nele, os interessados poderão saber, por exemplo, o significado de uma baixa, de uma avocação ou de uma decisão monocrática.

Criado pela Assessoria de Comunicação do CNJ, com o apoio do Departamento de Tecnologia da Informação, o Glossário Jurídico é útil para advogados, estudantes de direito,
jornalistas e qualquer pessoa interessada em termos jurídicos.

Para ficar por dentro dos termos técnicos usados no portal basta acessar o banner “Glossário do CNJ” na home do site do CNJ ou o link “Institucional”, que pode ser localizado no menu à esquerda da página e, a seguir, clicar em “Glossário”. Com informações da Assessoria de Imprensa do CNJ.

Endereço da notícia:http://www.conjur.com.br/2009-jul-19/site-cnj-disponibiliza-glossario-juridico-262-palavras


terça-feira, 30 de junho de 2009

Pesquisador brasileiro na 9ª Conferência da IAFL - Paulo Cortes Gago - UFJF

O quarto pesquisador, o Dr. Paulo Cortes Gago da Universidade Federal de Juiz de Fora, apresentará o trabalho denominado de "Assessments in family mediation interaction" cujo resumo é:


Assessments are pervasive in people’s life. Persons and events being
described in people’s talk are object of evaluation: doctors evaluate their
patients’ feelings about their symptoms; a friend, someone’s experience; a
client, the treatment received by the clerk. In the literature on the profession
of mediator, most of it originated from Law Studies and mediators’ handbooks,
one of the profession’s hallmark is represented by the terms neutrality and
impartiality, understood as equidistance, not taking sides, furnishing equal
rights to both parties. In this scenario, assessing someone’s talk – the
parties’ talk – should be avoided and understood as breaking the principle of
neutrality. To complicate matters, some authors view neutrality in an expanded
way, where certain moves, like a therapeutic move, would be allowed within
mediation. The strict neutrality is more associated to the problem-solving
approach to mediation, while the expanded view, to the transformative mediation.
We see basically four interrelated problems: 1) most of the studies on the
subject are highly prescriptive; 2) they are, therefore, disconnected from
mediators’ real discursive practice; 3) assessments are considered as not
occurring or should not occur; therefore its study has been neglected; 4) if
there are different types of mediation which work along a continuum of
mediators’ practices, the discourse genres cannot be properly described, if no
recorded data is available. Hence, it seems to us, such a work is worth it of
being pursued.Mediation is nowadays an important alternative form of dispute
resolution in modern societies. Many countries practice it, e.g., USA, France,
Canada, Argentina, and also Brazil. In our case, there is a bill, which will
make mediation mandatory in all types of litigation, if it is approved.We report
here findings from a case study conducted on family mediation during a law suit
in the state of Rio de Janeiro. The research is qualitative, collaborative,
based on real interactional data, recorded, transcribed and analyzed within the
theoretical framework of Conversation Analysis. It bases on the
ethnomethodological principle of indexicality and accountability of social
practices in everyday conduct. The case is about a father, who wants to
re-discuss his children’s visiting schedule with the ex-wife. The data comprises
approximately 6 hours of talk, distributed along 2 pre-mediation interviews and
4 mediation sessions. The mediator participated in the formulation of the
research questions and the interpretation of the findings. As a main result, we
came to a typology of 8 assessment categories: critical, disagreeing, agreeing,
therapeutic, solidarity, counseling, informative and summarizing assessments.
They correspond to mediation practices accomplished in this setting and attest
for the high indexicality and contextualization process of language use. As far
as the mediation genre is concerned, it evidences also a diversity inside the
mediation field. According to our mediator, during the discussion process of our
findings, these practices are associated with transformative mediation and it is
due to the fact that she is a social worker and believes in this practice. In
this way, neutrality cannot be discussed in a “black and white” fashion,
because, e. g., the disagreeing assessments were made in order to achieve
another mediation principle: to establish the balance of forces between the
parties. The interactional avenue seems to us a promising way to talk about
situated language practices and professional discourse.


Endereço do resumo: http://iafl09.let.vu.nl/sessions/thursday/index.html

Pesquisadoras brasileiras na 9ª Conferência da IAFL - Valda de Oliveira Fagundes e Mónica G. Zoppi Fontana (ambas da UNICAMP)

Outras duas pesquisadoras brasileiras que participarão da 9ª Conferência da IAFL, são as Doutoras Valda de Oliveira Fagundes e Mónica G. Zoppi Fontana, ambas da UNICAMP, que farão a apresentação intitulada: "Evidentiality and the construction of proff in crimes of word: calumny, slander and prejudice". O resumo da apresentação é:

The objective of this work is to analyze the constructive evidentiality of texts
produced in institutional spaces – Common and Penal Courts of Justice –
responsible for social order and justice. Two criminal lawsuits judged in the
State of Santa Catarina, south of Brazil, make up the corpus of this research
and it encompasses the lawsuits in a global way, from the complaint to the
trial. The aforementioned lawsuits deal with Crimes against Honor or Crimes of
Word, the first one with calumny, and the second one with calumny, slander and
injury. The lawsuits register the narration within the institutional patterns,
where the information regarding the offenses and their consequences are
substantiated and legitimized for being submitted to regimens of truth in the
law speech. This information is linguistically materialized through the
epistemic modality and the several manners of reported speech and enunciative
heterogeneity, and discursively through the functioning of interdiscourse. It is
considered that, in the elaboration of the legal narration, the presence of the
State as an institution is not restricted to the set of organizational
procedures of the lawsuit, but that it also intervenes directly in the
construction of texts through its representatives: registrars, lawyers, experts,
prosecutors, judges and appeals court justice. The study of evidentiality in
these lawsuits allows showing the interferences and strategies used by the
agents of justice in the construction of texts, and the derived effects, when
looking for the “truth of the facts”. The research also tries to show that, when
ordinating reality into the patterns of legal norm and adequating it to
institutional language, the operators of justice do not just investigate “the
truth of the facts”, but as Foucault (2003) says, they “process, generate a
truth”. References COULTHRAD.M.J.A.; An Introduction to Forensic Linguistics:
Language in Evidence. Routledge.New York, 2007.FOUCAULT, Michel. A Arqueologia
do Saber. Trad. Luiz Baeta Neves. Rio de Janeiro: Forense Universitária,
[1969]1987.___________.The archeology of knowledge and the discourse on
language. New York, Pantheon, 1972.___________.Discipline and punish: the birth
of the prison. New York, Pantheon, 1979.FAGUNDES, V. O. O Discurso no Júri:
Aspectos Linguísticos e Retóricos. São Paulo, Editora Cortez, 1987.________. A
Espada de Dâmocles da Jústiça: O Discurso no Júri. Itajaí/ SC, UNIVALI,
2001.SOLAN, L.M. & TIERSMA, P.M.. Speaking of crime:The Language of the
Criminal Justice. Chicago, The University of Chicago Press, 2005.STYGALL, Gay.
Trial Language. Differential discourse processing anda discursive formation.
Amsterdam/Philadelphia, John Benjamins, 1994.ZOPPI FONTANA, Mónica
“Acontecimento, arquivo, memória: às margens da lei”. In: LEITURA- Revista do
Programa de Pós-graduação em Letras e Lingüística, LCV-CHLA-UFAL, n. 30, jul-dez
2002. p.175-206___________, “Arquivo jurídico e exterioridade. A construção do
corpus discursivo e sua descrição/interpretação”. In: E. Guimarães e M. Brum de
Paula (org.) Sentido e memória. Campinas, Pontes, 2005. p.93-116.

Endereço do resumo: http://iafl09.let.vu.nl/sessions/wednesday/index.html

Pesquisadora brasileira na 9ª Conferência da IAFL - Daniela Negraes Pinheiro Andrade - Unisinos

Há quatro pesquisadores brasileiros que farão apresentações na 9ª Conferência da IAFL: A primeira é a Mestranda Daniela Negraes Pinheiro Andrade da Universidade do Vale do Rio dos Sinos. O título de sua apresentação é "Police interrogation in Brazil: formulations as a way to accomplish three different actions ". O resumo é o seguinte:

Much has been said about the format talk-in-interaction assumes in institutional
settings, such as police stations, mainly in comparison to mundane conversation
orderliness (ATKINSON & DREW, 1979; POMERANTZ & ATKINSON, 1984; BODEN, 1994; DREW & HERITAGE, 1992) However, there are no many studies dedicated to scrutinizing specific interactional practices police investigators rely on to
pursue the facts that make up the crime circumstances. Schegloff (1996, 2003)
alerts analysts of talk-in-interaction about the importance of not taking some
practices for granted; instead to guide their eyes to account, anchored on
sequentiality and on the (various) actions one practice may accomplish. Grounded
on empirical research, this paper aims at describing how police officers use the
practice called “formulation” (GARFINKEL & SACKS, 1970; HERITAGE &
WATSON, 1979; HERITAGE & WATSON, 1980; WALKER, 1995; DREW, 2003; ANTAKI, BARNER & LEUDAR; 2005; HUTCHBY, 2005; BARNES, 2007) to accomplish three different actions, that is: to challenge the suspect upon the facts reported, to check understanding, and to communicate presuppositions about the suspect’s gender identity. Conversation Analysis (TEN HAVE, 1999) and Ethnomethodology (GARFINKEL, 1967) suit the purpose of this investigation once such study means to be data driven and intends to account how the mentioned actions are interactionally accomplished taking into consideration the participants’
perspectives. In order to endure such enterprise, sequence organization is
thought as relevant in the way “its scope is the organization of courses of
actions enacted through turns-at-talk” (SCHEGLOFF, 2007). In sum, the paper
should offer a contribution to our understanding of the use of formulation as an
interactional practice as a way to accomplish actions police investigators may
rely on to do their job. Such depiction may be proved important, academically
and socially, and both locally and worldwide.

Endereço do resumo: http://iafl09.let.vu.nl/sessions/tuesday/index.html



9ª Conferência bienual da IAFL sobre linguística jurídica

Entre os dias 6 e 9 de julho de 2009, acontecerá a 9ª Conferência bienal da IAFL (International Association of Forensic Linguists) sobre linguística jurídica/linguagem e direito. Quem sediará a Conferência é o Departamento de Linguagem e Comunicação da Universidade VU em Amsterdam, Holanda.

Na chamada para artigos, os organizadores indicaram alguns dos tópicos sobre os quais os artigos poderiam tratar:

- interação na sala de audiências;
- interrogatórios policiais;
- atuação como intérprete e tradutor na sala de audiências;
- legibilidade/compreensibilidade de documentos legais;
- análise/interpretação de textos legais;
- os desafios comunicativos das "testemunhas' vulneráveis;
- minorias linguísticas e o sistema jurídico;
- uso de evidência linguística no judiciário;
- identificação de autoria/falante;
- ensino/testagem da linguística jurídica/linguagem e direito;


A programação da Conferência e os resumos das apresentações estão no endereço: http://iafl09.let.vu.nl/

sábado, 27 de junho de 2009

Professor Luis Roberto Barroso propõe mudanças na linguagem jurídica

O Professor de Direito Constitucional da Universidade do Estado do Rio de Janeiro Luis Roberto Barroso publicou artigo na Folha de São Paulo de 17/07/2008 no qual propõe mudanças na linguagem jurídica de advogados e juízes. O artigo está reproduzido no blogue do qual o Professor é colaborador.

Crítica contra a linguagem de alguns estudiosos do direito

O Juiz Federal e Professor de direito constitucional George Marmelstein Lima postou, em seu blogue, uma crítica contra a obscuridade da linguagem de alguns estudiosos do direito.

Lançamento do Portal da Rede de Informação Legislativa e Jurídica (LexML Brasil)

Reproduzo notícia do Sítio Consultor Jurídico sobre lançamento do Portal LexML Brasil

Google das leis

LexML Brasil será lançado oficialmente dia 30

O Portal da Rede de Informação Legislativa e Jurídica (LexML Brasil) será lançado oficialmente, na próxima terça-feira (30/6), no Senado Federal. Especializado em informação legislativa e jurídica, a rede de infomações disponibliliza leis, acórdãos, súmulas e projetos de lei. Além disso, permite acesso a documentos das esferas da administração pública, federal estadual e municipal, e dos poderes Executivo, Legislativo e Judiciário.

O LexML Brasil pretende organizar, integrar e dar acesso às informações disponibilizadas nos diversos portais de órgãos do governo na internet. O projeto do portal é liderado pelo Senado e conta com a participação de diversos órgãos e entidades da administração pública, como a equipe de tecnologia da informação do Conselho Nacional do Ministério Público, que estará presente no evento.

O lançamento do LexML Brasil será auditório Antônio Carlos Magalhães, no Senado Federal e faz parte da programação do Ciclo de Conferências sobre Organização da Informação Legislativa e Jurídica, que será nos dias 29 e 30 de junho.

Fonte da notícia: http://www.conjur.com.br/2009-jun-27/lancamento-oficial-portal-lexml-brasil-proximo-dia-30


O endereço do portal é: http://www.lexml.gov.br/

E a apresentação geral do projeto do portal está em: http://projeto.lexml.gov.br/documentacao/Apresentacao.pdf/view